A missionary by the name of Sam Shamoun has written a piece on his blog, “answeringIslamblog” in which he distorts and spreads lies to make Islam look bad. In his piece he claims that Prophet Muhammed and the Muslims are “obligated” to wage war against everyone (“unbelievers”) merely because of their faith being different to Islam. He further claims that an “exception” is made with the case of Jews and Christians who are allowed to remain in their religions but pay Jizyah, he claims that this money is taken only to “humiliate” them. For this he cites the following verse:
You who believe, ASSOCIATORS ARE NOTHING BUT FILTHY, so they should not approach the Hallowed Mosque after this year that they still have. IF YOU SHOULD FEAR DESTITUTION, GOD WILL ENRICH YOU OUT OF HIS BOUNTY if He so wishes. God is Aware, Wise. Fight the ones among those who were given the Book WHO DO NOT BELIEVE in God nor the Last Day, NOR FORBID whatever God and His messenger have forbidden, NOR PROFESS the True Religion, until they pay the polltax of their own accord and act submissive. Jews say: “Ezra was God´s son,” while Christians say: “Christ was God´s son.” That is what they say with their mouths, imitating what those have said who disbelieved before them. May God fight them off for what they have trumped up! They have adopted their scholars and monks as lords instead of God, plus Christ, the son of Mary. Yet they have been ordered to serve only God Alone; there is no deity except Him. Glory be to Him ahead of whatever they may associate [with Him]! They want to blow out God´s light WITH THEIR MOUTHS while God refuses [everything] except that His light must be perfected, no matter how disbelievers may hate it. He is the One Who has sent His messenger with guidance and the True Religion so He may cause it to prevail over all [other] religion, no matter how associators may hate it. S. 9:28-33 T. B. Irving
He goes on to interpret the above by stating:
“As the context itself makes clear, the reason Jews, Christians and all those who associate partners or divinities alongside Allah are to be attacked, killed and/or subjugated is solely because of their beliefs, not because they fought and/or oppressed Muslims.”
This is a big lie. When Surah 9:29 the demand to pay Jizyah was in accordance with those who waged war against the Muslim State, 1400 years ago. In fact, the earliest exegesis tells us that the Byzantines waged war against the Muslims, this was when the Muslims fought back against them. For this, please the following article, in full detail: “Answering Jihad: “Fight Against Those Who Do Not Believe” – Quran 9:29”
Shamoun continues, this time giving a 14th century, Tafsir Ibn Kathir to corroborate with his interpretation. What the writer fails to demonstrate is how the Prophet Muhammed himself interpreted 9:29 and Jizyah. A 14th century commentator on the Quran does not trump the Prophet commands/rules. When the Jizya was taken, it was first taken as a result of the Byzantine’s waging war against the Muslims, this evidence can be seen here: “Answering Jihad: “Fight Against Those Who Do Not Believe” – Quran 9:29”
Furthermore, the Prophet Muhammed never “humiliated” any people of the Book when he took Jizya. The following Hadith reports debunk this fictitious claim:
“We accompanied the Prophet in the Ghazwa of Tabuk and the king of ‘Aila presented a white mule and a cloak as a gift to the Prophet. And the Prophet wrote to him a peace treaty allowing him to keep authority over his country.” (Sahih al-Bukhari vol. 4, Book 53, Hadith 387)
Kitab Futuh Al-Buldan:
“Tabuk make terms. When in the year 9 AH the Prophet marched to Tabuk in Syria for the invasion of those of the Greeks, Amilah, Lakhm, Judham and others whom he learnt had assembled against him, he met no resistance. So he spent a few days in Tabuk, whose inhabitants made terms with him agreeing to pay poll-tax (JIZYA).” (The origins of the Islamic State, being a translation from the Arabic accompanied with annotations Geographic and historic notes of the Kitab Futuh Al-Buldan of al-Imam Abu’l Abbas Ahmad Ibn Jabir Al Baladhuri, By Phillip Khurti Hitti, PHD, , volume 1, page 92)
The above evidences clearly shows that Prophet Muhammed nor his companions humiliated anyone when the payment of Jizya was made. This payment was taken in respect.
For full detail on Jizya, please see the following article by a scholar: “The Truth About Jizyah”
Shamoun claims that the poll-tax (Jizyah) levied on them was in a state of “humiliation”. For the readers who are not aware of what ‘Jizya’ is, Jizyah is a tax on Christians and Jews who live under the Protection of the Muslim government. This was not imposed on all of them. It was only levied on the men. Women, children, old men and handicapped or the poor are exempted from paying this. Similarly, the Muslims were also obliged to pay similar tax called ‘Zakat’ yearly. If the non-Muslim men joined the Muslim military service, they were exempt from paying Jizya. Whereas, even if the Muslims paid Zakat, they were still obliged to join military service, it was compulsory on the Muslims.
As mentioned, the non-Muslims got full freedom, and protection from the Islamic Government, as in the case of the Christian King Yuhanna (John) of Aila, he had full control over his territory. Part of this ‘full-protection’ was that if an enemy country were to think of attacking non-Muslims, the Muslims would have protected them, 1300 years ago. The enemy would have to fight the Muslims first before they could harm the non-Muslim citizens.
This payment (tax) in turn would have paid for hospitals, schools, military defence of the country, helping the poor and needy. Both of these taxes (Jizya and Zakat) was needed for the Government to function, and adequate care for its citizens be met. In FACT Muslims themselves paid a similar tax called Zakat and it was compulsory for the Muslims to pay this.
The Quran calls for non-Muslims to be treated with goodness and be just to them:
“God does not forbid you, with regard to those who do not fight you on account of your religion nor drive you out of your homes, to TREAT THEM WITH GOODNESS AND TO BE JUST TO THEM; TRULY, GOD LOVES THOSE WHO ARE JUST. …” – Quran 60:8
The shameful writer further misrepresents Islam. He distorts the word of “Jihad”. Here is a thorough examination of the word, if anyone is interesting in reading on the word Jihad: “Arabic Word ‘Jihad’ And Its Meaning”
Shamoun then completely and deceptively lies about the incident with Banu Mustaliq. The incident of Banu Mustaliq took place as a consequence of this tribe planning to attack the Muslim community, Ibn Ishaq reports:
“THE RAID ON B. AL-MUSTALIQ
The apostle stayed in medina during the latter part of Jumada’l-Akhira and Rajab; then he attacked b. al-Mustaliq of Khuza’a in Sha’ban A.H. 6.
Asim b, Umar b. Qatada and Abdullah b. Abu Bakr and Muhammad b. Yahya b. Habban each told me a part of the following story:
The apostle received news that B. AL-MUSTALIQ WERE GATHERING TOGETHER AGAINST HIM, their leader being al-Harith b. Abu Dirar, the father of Juwayriya d. al-Harith (afterwards) wife of the apostle. When the apostle heard about them he went out and met them at a watering place of theirs called al-Muraysi in the direction of Qudayd towards the shore. There was a fight and God put the B. al-Mustaliq to flight and killed some of them…” (Ibn Hisham, [Translator: Alfred Guillaume]. The life of Muhammad: a translation of Isḥaq’s Sirat rasul Allah, page 490)
“EXPEDITION AGAINST THE BANU AL-MUSTALIQ
… They said: WORD REACHED THE MESSENGER OF GOD THAT THE BANU AL-MUSTALIQ WERE GATHERING AGAINST HIM UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF HARITH B. ABI DIRAR. … When the Messenger of God heard about them, he set out toward them and met them at one of their watering places called al-Muraysi, near Qudayd toward the coast. The people advanced toward each other and fought fiercely. God put the Banu al-Mustaliq to flight and killed some of them. …” (History of al-Tabari: The: The Victory of Islam: Muhammad at Medina – volume 8, page 51)
The historical evidences tell us that the Banu al-Mustaliq tribe did plot to attack and kill Muslims. Hence, with news reaching the Prophet (p) on this, he had to act quickly. For further detail on this incident please see the following article: “Invasion of Banu Mustaliq – Who Started The Hostilities And Aggression?”
The writer then tries to show that Islam is nothing but war, war and war. What the shameful deceptive writer fails in his article is showing any evidence for this. He shows quotes written 100s if not 1000s years later that go/agree with his fascistic world-view. The Prophet nor his companions ever waged war against anyone. The wars of in Muhammed’s life were ALL DEFENSIVE in nature. For a full detailed article on each of the battles, please see the following article: “Early Expeditions And Battles Of Islam”
With the above in perspective, we showed how this Christian missionary is a liar and a propagandists who would do anything to misrepresent Islam. This should not be surprising, given that Shamoun follows his Lord and Saviour Paul who commands him to lie and deceive non-Christians in order to bring them to their Christian religion.
Why do Christian missionaries like Shamoun have no shame? His Lord, Jesus who is god of the Old Testament, commands the murder children, women and cattle in the Bible:
“Now go, attack the Amalekites and TOTALLY DESTROY ALL that belongs to them. DO NOT SPARE THEM; PUT TO DEATH men and WOMEN, CHILDREN AND INFANTS, cattle and sheep, camels and donkeys.'” – 1 Samuel 15:3
Jesus who is god of the Old Testament endorsed rape in many Bible verses:
Deuteronomy 21:10-14 Good News Translation (GNT)
“10 When the Lord your God gives you victory in battle and you take prisoners, 11 you may see among them a beautiful woman that you like and want to marry. 12 TAKE HER to your home, where she will shave her head, cut her fingernails, 13 and change her clothes. She is to stay in your home and mourn for her parents for a month; after that, you may marry her. 14 Later, if you no longer want her, you are to let her go free. Since you FORCED HER TO HAVE INTERCOURSE (ANAH) WITH YOU, you cannot treat her as a slave and sell her.”
Don’t throw stones from your glass house Shamoun!!